Diving in Nusa Penida
The Coral Triangle is a geographical term referring to the tropical marine waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste that contain at least 500 species of reef-building corals in each ecoregion.
The Coral Triangle is recognized as the global centre of marine biodiversity and a global priority for conservation. It also called the “Amazon of the seas” and covers 5.7 million square kilometers of ocean waters.
While only covering 1.6% of the planet’s oceanic area, the region has 76% of all known coral species in the world. As a habitat for 52% of Indo-Pacificreef fishes and 37% of the world’s reef fishes, it encompasses the highest diversity of coral reef fishes in the world. More than 3,000 species of fish live in the Coral Triangle, including the largest fish – the whale shark, and the coelacanth.
The Coral Triangle is the epicentre for the biodiversity of not only corals and fish, but many other marine organisms as well. It also provides habitat to six out of the world’s seven marine turtle species.
The Coral Triangle also has the greatest extent of mangrove forests in the world. The large area and extraordinary range of habitats and environmental conditions have played a major role in maintaining the staggering biodiversity of the Coral Triangle
On August 2007, Indonesia’s President Yudhoyono proposed a multilateral partnership to “safeguard the region’s marine and coastal biological resources” with five other countries geographically located in the Coral Triangle (Malaysia, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and the Philippines). The multilateral partnership then named as Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF)
These guidelines have been created to ensure you have a great visit in our waters while our breathtaking big fish remain unaffected by your presence. By following these simple rules, it has been proven that you will have longer more enjoyable interactions with our beautiful manta rays and mola mola.
These guidelines apply To divers and snorkelers alike:
• Never touch a manta ray, mola mola, other fish, coral, or anything else while diving. If a manta ray or mola mola approaches you, remain still, but do not touch it!
• Always approach manta rays and mola mola very slowly within their field of view and do not splash the water. • Stay close to the reef and never surround the manta ray or mola mola.
• Never enter the cleaning station. If the cleaning fish are disturbed or the coral on or near the cleaning station is damaged the cleaning station can be compromised and the manta rays and mola mola may not come back.
• Always maintain a minimum distance of 3m (or 2 body lengths) from the closest manta ray or mola mola.
• Maintain a minimum distance of 10m (or 5-6 body lengths) when they are unsettled (not cleaning) and approaching the reef.
• Never be closer to the manta ray and mola mola than your guide.
• Do not swim closely behind the manta ray or mola mola; this is how predators usually attack and your close proximity may startle them.
• Do not swim directly above or below the manta ray or mola mola as this may disturb cleaning and feeding behavior. However, if the manta ray or mola mola decides to swim above you remain still and blow as few bubbles as possible.
• Never block the escape route off the reef, out of a feeding area, or the pathway onto a cleaning station.
• Do not use personal underwater motorized propulsion vehicles or make any unnecessary loud noises.
• Follow the directions of your dive guide.
• Do not touch or kick the hard or soft coral. Good buoyancy is a must!